Goalball was invented for blind war veterans in Austria in 1946 and first appeared at the Paralympic Games in Toronto, Canada, in 1976 with the women’s event being added at the 1984 Games in New York, USA. Goalball was created as a form of rehabilitation for injured servicemen returning from World War II. It is a tense and fast-paced game, designed for visually impaired players. 

Goalball player in action

Goalball players wear blackout goggles (eyeshades) to ensure that there is a level playing field regardless of their residual vision. It is played by two teams of three using a ball with bells inside; to indicate where it is on the pitch. The ball is the size of a basketball but twice the weight. The object of the game is to throw the ball into the opposing team's net, while defenders attempt to block it with their bodies. The indoor court has tactile lines to assist players with their orientation on court and the ball must make contact with certain areas of the court during the game. When the ball is in play the audience stays completely silent so the players can follow its movement.